Vein Conditions

Peak Heart & Vascular

Multispecialty Cardiovascular Group located in Surprise, Avondale, Phoenix, and Flagstaff, Arizona.

Venous conditions are disorders that damage your veins. Our vein specialists diagnose and treat all types of venous conditions, using the most advanced technologies available. Let’s go through types of venous conditions for which you get expert care that’s coordinated and convenient to you.


1 - Venous Insufficiency

For effective venous functioning, each vein is equipped with a series of one-way valves that allow blood to flow towards the heart, and then close once the blood has passed through them. 

Venous insufficiency is a condition of having a faulty valve in the veins. As it’s difficult to fight gravity to pump blood from the feet to the heart, the veins are more susceptible to damage and disease. If the valves don’t close properly, the blood “pools” in the veins, causing additional venous blood pressure that stretches the walls of the veins and enlarges them.

2 - Varicose Veins:

Varicose veins are the main symptoms of venous disease. They are larger and can be seen as serpentine blood vessels exiting the skin. Varicose veins generally look like twisted and bulging cords on the legs. The main cause of varicose veins is the failure of the functioning vein valve and the pooling of blood.

3 - Edema & Skin Discoloration:

Edema and Skin Discoloration refer to the change in skin color to brownish, generally below the knees, and also the texture of skin changes. In some cases, dry skin may also appear.

4 - Skin Breakdown & Venous Ulcers:

Skin breakdown or venous ulcers generally occur after skin discoloration. Ulcers are caused mainly due to skin breakdown and tissues overlying or surrounding the infected veins.

5 - Venous lymphedema

Chronic venous insufficiency is the major cause of developing venous lymphedema or secondary lymphedema. It is the most common form of lymphedema caused by an interruption in the drainage of the lymphatic system that occurs during trauma. A blockage in the lymph vessels results in the accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body causing edema (swelling). It mostly affects the arms or legs, but can also occur in the chest wall, abdomen, neck, and genitals.

Causes, Signs, & Symptoms

  • Varicose veins or blood clots
  • Muscle weakness
  • Pregnancy
  • Cancer
  • Smoking
  • Trauma
  • Obesity
  • Vein valve weakening
  • Long periods of sitting or standing
  • Leg injury
  • Swelling of a superficial vein (Phlebitis)
  • Family history of venous insufficiency
  • Weak, itchy, and restless legs
  • Leg cramps
  • Heaviness, aching, or throbbing of the legs
  • Tightness of calves
  • Tenderness
  • Restricted motion in arms or legs
  • Recurring infections
  • Discomfort in leg
  • Vein discoloration
  • Skin redness
  • Swelling
  • Prolonged pain
  • Twisted veins
  • Chronic skin itching
  • Varicose veins
  • Bleeding varicose veins
  • Change in skin color around the ankles
  • Thickening of the skin on the legs or around the ankles
  • Venous ulcers